Q1. What are the tolerances on the screen slot?
A1. For slot apertures in the range of:
Q3. What is the standard size?
A3. Due to the near-infinite possible combinations of slot size, wire profile, wire length, rod profile and spacing, rod length, and alloy requirements for the immense variety of applications, wedge wire screens are all custom manufactured. There are no 'standard' sizes, sorry.
Q4. What is the open area?
A4. Wedge screen open area ratio (OA) is calculated using the following formula (multiply by 100 for percent).
Q5. How much does it cost?
A5. Due to the near-infinite possible combinations of slot size, wire profile, wire length, rod profile and spacing, rod length, and alloy requirements for the immense variety of applications, wedge wire screens are all custom manufactured. Therefore, cost per unit varies widely and must be calculated on a per-job basis.
Q6. Why have costs changed so much?
A6. Most corrosion-resistant alloys contain significant amounts of Nickel, which has experienced huge fluctuations in the commodities markets recently.
Q7. What is the standard slot size? What slot sizes are available?
A7. There are very few applications for which the slot size is 'standard.' Ion exchange applications (underdrain laterals, media traps) commonly have slots in the range of 0.15mm to 0.20mm. Intake screens for fish protection in Canada generally require 2.54mm slots; in USA 3.175mm slots (larger slots may be allowed, or smaller slots required, by local authorities). Otherwise, the rule of thumb for most applications is to size the slot at half the size of the smallest media particles, the exception being sieve bends where the slot is sized about twice the desired separation size. Screen can be manufactured with any slot from 0.025mm (with most wire profiles) up to about 10mm in 0.025mm increments; larger slots may be available constrained by wire profile and tooling.
Q8. Why doesn't a well screen (long, small diameter) work as a surface water intake?
A8. When a screen is buried in the ground, such as well screens or infiltration galleries, the surrounding pack provides distribution so that flows are nearly uniform over the entire screen surface. A screen in open water does not have a 'surrounding pack', and so must be engineered, to balance the flow velocities.
A long, small diameter screen may have the same screen area and therefore the same average velocity, but nearly all the flow will occur at the outlet end, with very little (or none) of the flow happening at the closed end. The high flow velocities at the outlet end are much higher than those allowed for fish protection, and suck debris onto the screen and clog it much more quickly. This causes the high velocities to migrate along the screen until they reach the end and have clogged the entire screen.
Q9. What are 'Incoterms'?
A9. Incoterms are standardised international terms related to the delivery of products.
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